Author: Meera Rajah**
Published: April 2021
Contractual Expansion or Limitation of Judicial Review
Description: This essay argues that greater public interest concerns are engaged when attempts are made to contractually expand the grounds for judicial review set out in the Federal Arbitration Act in contrast to instances of contractual curtailment. Contractual expansion might require the courts to exceed their legislatively conferred powers and consume more judicial resources. The state, as a matter of policy, should not prioritize private parties’ interests in extending oversight over the current boundaries that give legal certainty and finality to awards rendered. Overreaching could also prejudicially alter perceptions about the institutional integrity of both the courts and the arbitral process. All these concerns powerfully militate against such an approach, unless it is heavily policed. A jurisdictionalist view therefore ought to ordinarily prevail here. On the other hand, with contractual curtailment, there is no demand on public resources; party autonomy should override quality concerns if parties willingly accept the courts’ limited review role and the enforcement difficulties that will result. A contractualist view ought to be preferred in this instance.
** LL.B. (University College London); LL.M. (Columbia Law School); Advocate & Solicitor (Singapore); Solicitor (England & Wales); MCIArb; MSIArb. The author would like to express her gratitude to Prof. Robert H. Smit (Columbia Law School) for his comments and suggestions, which have helped improve and clarify this paper. All views and any errors remain hers alone.